Nursing Diagnosis for Mental Retardation

Nursing Diagnosis for Mental Retardation

Mental retardation is a condition diagnosed before age 18 that includes below-average general intellectual function, and a lack of the skills necessary for daily living.

Mental retardation affects about 1 - 3% of the population. There are many causes of mental retardation, but doctors find a specific reason in only 25% of cases.

A family may suspect mental retardation if the child's motor skills, language skills, and self-help skills do not seem to be developing, or are developing at a far slower rate than the child's peers. Failure to adapt (adjust to new situations) normally and grow intellectually may become apparent early in a child's life. In the case of mild retardation, these failures may not become recognizable until school age or later.

Nursing Diagnosis for Mental Retardation

  1. Self-care Deficit : feeding, bathing, dressing / ornate, toileting related to disability

  2. Impaired Social Interaction related to speech impediment / difficulty of social adaptation

  3. Interrupted Family Processes related to a child mental retardation

  4. Risk for Injury related to the behavior of aggressive / uncontrolled motor coordination

  5. Impaired Verbal Communication related to the slow reception of expression and language skills

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