Epilepsy has many possible causes, including illness, brain injury and abnormal brain development. In many cases, the cause is unknown.
Doctors use brain scans and other tests to diagnose epilepsy. It is important to start treatment right away. There is no cure for epilepsy, but medicines can control seizures for most people. When medicines are not working well, surgery or implanted devices such as vagus nerve stimulators may help. Special diets can help some children with epilepsy.
NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Nursing Diagnosis for Epilepsy
- Risk for injury related to seizure activity
- Ineffective individual coping related to stresses imposed by epilepsy
- Fear related to the possibility of seizures
- Deficient knowledge related to epilepsy and its control