Nursing Diagnosis for Craniotomy


A craniotomy is a procedure to remove a lesion in the brain through an opening in the skull (cranium).

A craniotomy is a type of brain surgery. It is the most commonly performed surgery for brain tumor removal . It also may be done to remove a blood clot (hematoma), to control hemorrhage from a weak, leaking blood vessel (cerebral aneurysm), to repair arteriovenous malformations (abnormal connections of blood vessels), to drain a brain abscess, to relieve pressure inside the skull, to perform a biopsy, or to inspect the brain.

Nursing Diagnosis for Craniotomy

  1. Ineffective cerebral tissue perfusion related to cerebral edema
  2. Potential for impaired gas exchange related to hypoventilation, aspiration, and immobility
  3. Risk for imbalanced body temperature related to damage to the hypothalamus, dehydration, and infection
  4. Disturbed sensory perception related to periorbital edema, head dressing, endotracheal tube, and effects of ICP
  5. Body image disturbance related to change in appearance or physical disabilities

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